ENATM is highly effective for causing the biodegradation of the most troublesome plastic products :
Polyethylene and propylene films are used for everything from packaging and shopping bags to farming films, such as mulch films.
These films are the most expensive and difficult plastic products to recycle, due to low weight per cubic meter, sorting issues, and contamination by food, soil, and other materials.
We are committed to research and development today so that more plastics can be biodegraded.
Below is the ENATM series under development.
For Earth Nurture Additive for biodegrading petroleum contaminated sites.
An important distinction between ENATM Petro and some other products is that it is completely non-toxic to the environment.
ENATM Petro stands for Earth Nurture Additive for biodegrading petroleum-contaminated sites.
The first ENATM product was ENATM Poly, an additive designed to make conventional plastics biodegradable in moist, microbe laden environments. During the development of this product, our company developed extensive proprietary knowledge of the biodegradation of other recalcitrant-to-biodegradation substances, including petroleum products. ENATM Petro is designed for insitu biodegradation of soil and ground water contaminated with raw petroleum, lubricating and cutting oils, gasoline (petrol,) kerosene (parafin,) and diesel.
In ground water bioremediation, ENATM Poly is injected into bores. In contaminated ground, ENATM Petro can be either injected into bores, or mixed with the soil using earth moving equipment. If a direction of ground water movement can be established, ENATM is injected upstream, and the water is tested for contamination levels in downstream bores.
The method of biodegradation is by a complex of interacting microbial enzymatic systems, using either bacterial cultures, or in long-contaminated sites, native bacteria which are acclimated to the site. ENATM operates by enhancing a complex sequence of microbial enzymatic systems in a community of commensal microbes which can biodegrade petroleum products in hydrocarbons of various carbon chain lengths, as well as benzene-ring containing cyclic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
A related product, ENATM PetroSlick, is in floating matrix form for biodegrading floating oil slicks.
If using bacterial cultures, water salinity and local temperature have to be taken into account: that is freshwater, brakish water, ocean, and tropical, temperate, or cold water must be specified.
Since gasoline and diesel oil quickly evaporate into the air when it is floating on water, is usual to treat only crude oil slicks and slicks of bunker oil used to fuel ships. These products are highly toxic, since they contain a large amount of toxic chemicals called polyaromatic hydrocarbons
(PAHs.) It is estimated that at least 2.3 million tons of oil are spilled into the oceans every year.
An important distinction between ENATM Petro and some other products is that it is completely non-toxic to the environment. Corexit, used used by BP in the 4 million ton Deepwater Horizon oil spill, is notoriously toxic - has been described as being 50 times more toxic than the crude petroleum that it was supposed to clean up. Dow's Triton X-100 is another highly toxic product used to disperse oil slicks.
Earth Nurture Additive for promoting the biodegradation of xenobiotic chemicals.
ENATM Xenobio is non-toxic, low cost, natural, and it does not displace contaminants to other locations.
ENATM Xenobio stands for Earth Nurture Additive for promoting the biodegradation of xenobiotic chemicals.
ENATM Biotec Inc. is an innovative leader in promoting the biodegradation of substances which resist biodegradation.
ENATM Xenobio is able to promote the biodegradation of many contaminates in soil caused by manufacturing and storage of toxic chemicals, such as pharmaceuticals, pesticides, herbicides, dyes, and organic chemical manufacturing. ENATM Xenobio can also be used to promote enhanced biodegradation in waste water systems which use microbes living in biofilms to decontaminate waste water.
Commonly, toxic xenobiotics contain multiple cyclic carbon groups and often nitrogen and / or chlorine. The average healthy person has traces of 167 toxic chemicals in their bodies, many of which are carcinogenic, and the older a person gets, the more toxic chemicals the person accumulates. Humans produce 400 million tons of hazardous waste every year. In just the EU, it is estimated by the European Commission that there are 2.5 million contaminated sites, and that it will cost trillions of Euros to clean these sites.
Traditional methods of decontamination are either of limited effectiveness, or high in cost. Some traditional techniques have a danger of adding toxins to the site, or spreading the contaminates to locations where they can do more harm. The main traditional techniques consist of using high heat, UV light, reactive oxygen species, oxidation, chlorination, washing, the use of solvents or surfactants, and a combination of these techniques.
In contrast, ENATM Xenobio is non-toxic, low cost, natural, and it does not displace contaminants to other locations.
Examples of toxic xenobiotics that ENATM Xenobio promotes the biodegradation of include:
|Pyrene||PAH, combustion product, precursor of dyes|
|Benzopyrene||PAH, combustion product|
|Phenanthrene||PAH, combustion product|
|Fluoranthene||PAH, combustion product|
|Fluorene||PAH, precursor of dyes and pharmaceuticals|
|Anthracene||PAH, combustion product, dye precursor|
|Dimethylbenzanthracene||PAH, combustion product|
|Coronene||PAH, petroleum cracking product|
|Chrysene||PAH, combustion product|
|Dibenzofuran||PAH, combustion product|
|Chlorinated dibenzothiophene||pulp bleaching, wood preservative manufacturing byproduct|
|3-hydroxy-2-formylbenzothiophene||crude oil contaminate|
|Biphenyl||used in organic syntheses, heat transfer fluids, dye carriers, food preservatives, as an intermediate for polychlorinated biphenyls, and as a fungistat|
|Chlorobiphenyl||precusor of PCBs|
|Naphthothiophene||PAH, combustion product|
|Benzothiophene||PAH, combustion product, dye and pharmaceutical precursor|
|Benzoate||precursor to chemical manufacturing|
|Alkylated dibenzothiophene||Petroleum contaminate|
|Dibenzo-p-dioxin||PAH related to dioxins|
|Chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin||Byproduct of manufacture of chlorophenols, hexachlorophene, and herbicides Methyl naphthalene - precursor of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plasticsMethylnaphthalene and 2-2,6-xylenol – precursor for poly(p-phenylene oxide) engineering resins|
|4-chloro-2-methylphenol||precursor for phenoxy herbicides|
|P-cresol||precursor for antioxidants|
|O-cresol||precursor for herbicides and pharmaceuticals|
|2,4-dichlorophenol||precursor for herbicides, bactericides, and fungicides|
|2,4,5-trichlorophenol||precursor for pesticides and fungicides|
|pentachlorophenol||herbicide, insecticide, fungicide, algaecide, and disinfectant, wood preservative|
|3,4-dichloroaniline||precursor for insecticide|
|Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (aka dioxins)||combustion byproduct, herbicide precursor, PVC plastic precursor, bleaching, industrial precursor|
|Polychlorinated biphenyls (aka PCBs)||insulator and coolant for large electric equipment, lubricants, many industrial uses|
|2,4-Dinitrotoluene||precursor for polyurethane foams, many industrial uses|
|Anthenantrene||PAH, combustion byproduct|
|Dyes Polymeric dyes (poly R-481, poly B-411, poly Y606, remazol)||dyes for textiles|
|brillant blue-R1) azodyes (sulfonated and non-sulfonated)||dyes for textiles|
|hydroquinone BETX compounds benzene, ethylbenzene, tolulene, xylenes||solvents, petrochemicals, gasoline (petrol ) components|
|Napthalene||precursor for chemicals|
|Alkanes||fuel, precursor for many chemicals and products|
|2,4-dichorophenol (2,4-DCP)||herbicide precursor|
|Chlorinated phenols such as 2,4,5||tricholorophenol and PCP are mineralized by WRF|
|2,6-DANT||Many industrial uses; polyurethane foam, precursor for explosives, dyes, and automobile airbags|
|Aldrin, dieldrin, heptachlor, chlordane, lindane and mirex66||insecticides|
|2,4,5-T and 2,4-D67,68, 2-chloro-4-ethylamine-6-isopropyl-amino-1,3,4-triazine (atrazine)||herbicides|